Effect of treating morbid obesity by intragastric balloon implantation on patients’ multimorbidity
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Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health Sciences in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medical Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
Corresponding author
Karolina Helena Krupa-Kotara   

Zakład Epidemiologii, Katedra Epidemiologii i Biostatystyki, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu w Bytomiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, ul. Piekarska 18, 41-902 Bytom
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2020;74:157-165
Morbid obesity and its accompanying multimorbidity constitute a significant public health problem.

The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of endoscopic implantation of an intragastric balloon on the ailments and associated diseases in people with obesity.

Material and methods:
The study included 75 people treated by intragastric balloon implantation. The sample selection was purposeful. The patients were qualified for balloon implantation, according to recognized indications for the endoscopic treatment of obesity. All the analyses were performed using Statistica 12. Results for which p < 0.05 were considered as statistically significant.

Positive effects of the treatment of obesity by intragastric balloon implantation in relation to comorbidities were observed in 54 patients (62%), 30 people (40%) achieved minimal health improvement, the regression of one serious disease and alleviation others in 24 patients (32%). 21 patients (28%) had no improvement in their health status. None of the patients reported the resolution of all major diseases, but there was also no deterioration in the health of any patient. There was a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of hypertension, type 2 diabetes, spinal pain, osteoarthritis, sleep apnoea, menstrual disorders, impotence and dyspnoea during IGB treatment

Treatment by endoscopic implantation of an intragastric balloon alleviates the course or reduces the incidence of concomitant diseases in persons with morbid obesity.

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