Monoclonal antibodies in regulation of signal transduction of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) pathway in cancer cells
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Zakład Biotechnologii i Inżynierii Genetycznej, Wydział Farmaceutyczny z Oddziałem Medycyny Laboratoryjnej w Sosnowcu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Ilona Bednarek   

Zakład Biotechnologii i Inżynierii Genetycznej, Wydział Farmaceutyczny z Oddziałem Medycyny Laboratoryjnej w Sosnowcu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, ul. Jedności 8, 41-200 Sosnowiec
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2018;72:12–20
In recent years intensive research has been dedicated to the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) due to its significant role in the pathogenesis of malignant tumors. In many types of cancers intracellular pathways modulated by EGFR have been identified as crucial factors influencing tumor survival and development. On the other hand, EGFR has also been shown to be a promising molecular target for potential therapeutic agents. Attempts to modify the signal transduction exerted by EGF have been made either by blocking the activity of certain elements of the EGFR pathway or by direct inhibition of the EGF receptor itself. It has also been demonstrated that the use of monoclonal antibodies to block the EGF receptor increases the effectiveness of conventional anticancer agents such as cisplatin. Thus, many anticancer therapies based on inhibitors of the selected components of the EGFR signaling pathway have been established, and many of them apply monoclonal antibodies.
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