Physical activity level and quality of life in menopausal women
 
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1
Chair and Department of Perinatology and Oncological Gynecology, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
2
Department of Kinesiology Chair of Physiotherapy Medical University of Silesia in Katowice School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Poland
3
Department of Kinesiotherapy and Special Methods, School of Health Sciences in Katowice Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
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Department of Gestational Pathology, Chair of Women’s Health, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
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Department of Sexuology, Chair of Women’s Health, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice
6
Department of Gerontology and Geriatric Nursing, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Beata Małgorzata Naworska   

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Chair of Women’s Health, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, ul. W. Lipa 2, 41-703 Ruda Śląska
 
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2018;72:27–32
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Women’s awareness of a healthy lifestyle has significantly increased in recent years. However, during menopause the hormonal changes may influence the quality of life. Physical activity can significantly reduce the negative health effects associated with menopause. The aim of this study was to assess physical activity in menopausal women and its influence on the quality of life.

Material and methods:
This study was conducted on 567 women aged 50–60 years. Group A was composed of 223 women, participants of the University of the Third Age, and group B contained 334 women, patients of gynecological wards and outpatient clinics. The physical activity level of all the study participants was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short form. SF-36 was used to assess the quality of life.

Results:
The physical activity of the majority of women was at a moderate level – 52.9% in Group A and 70.2% in Group B, while 44.8% of women in Group A and 27.8% of patients in Group B had a high level of physical activity. There were significant differences between both groups in the physical component summary (p < 0.0004) and mental component summary (p < 0.0004). The physical component summary correlated with the participants’ ages. The physical functioning, general health and social functioning increased with a higher level of activity in the main group.

Conclusions:
Menopausal women participate mainly in moderate-intensity physical activity. A higher level of physical activity correlates with a better quality of life.

 
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