Participation of migration paths of selected metals in bone intoxication of Upper Silesia inhabitants
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Department of Toxicology, School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia
Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Department of Traumatic Surgery, Municipal Hospital
Barbara Brodziak-Dopierała   

Department of Toxicology, School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia, ul. Jagiellońska 4, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Polska
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2017;71:275–281
The aim of the paper was to analyze the content of cadmium, manganese, chromium, lead, zinc and copper in the bone tissue of people living in cities in the Upper Silesia Industrial District (Bytom, Katowice, Chorzów, Siemianowice Śląskie, Świętochłowice). It also specifies the relationship between the content of selected metals in the environment and in bone tissue.

Material and methods:
The sample material was collected at the Municipal Hospital in Siemianowice Ślaskie. The study group amounted to 53 heads of femur, including 43 from women and 10 from men. The studied tissues were taken intraoperatively during hip replacement procedures (endoprosthetics). The content of cadmium, manganese, chromium, lead, zinc and copper was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry using a Pye Unicam SP-9 apparatus.

The average content of elements in the femoral heads in an increasing series is as follows: Cd 0.16 < Ni 0.85 < Mn 0.87 < Cu 3.77 < Cr 5.37 < Zn 82.42 (µg/g).

The metal intoxication of bones sourced in suspended particulates and dust emitted from soil into the air mainly concerned the residents of Katowice. Referring this information to the obtained results, the highest contents of cadmium, copper, and chromium in the bone tissue of the inhabitants of this city can be confirmed.

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