Assessment of importance of YKL-40 protein as biomarker in colorectal cancer and its relation to selected clinical and pathological parameters
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Oddział Kliniczny Chirurgii Ogólnej, Kolorektalnej i Urazów Wielonarządowych, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu w Katowicach, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Zakład Pielęgniarstwa Chirurgicznego i Propedeutyki Chirurgii, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu w Katowicach, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Katedra i Zakład Biologii Medycznej i Molekularnej, Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Zakład Profilaktyki Chorób Żywieniowozależnych, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu w Bytomiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Klinika Chirurgii Wad Rozwojowych Dzieci i Traumatologii, Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Zakład Farmakologii Klinicznej, Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Corresponding author
Dorota Nadbrzeżna-Barczyk   

Oddział Kliniczny Chirurgii Ogólnej, Kolorektalnej i Urazów Wielonarządowych, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu w Katowicach, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2021;75:136-146
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers in the world, accounting for 10% of the annual global cancer incidence. This malignant neoplasm can remain asymptomatic for a long time and, despite medical advances, is too frequently diagnosed too late. The YKL-40 protein is a growth factor that stimulates endothelial cell migration, and plays a role in inflammation and neoplasia. The aim of the study was to assess the significance of YKL-40 as a biomarker in CRC and to determine the correlation between the serum YKL-40 levels in CRC patients and selected clinical and pathological parameters.

Material and methods:
In a prospective study involving 133 patients over the age of 50, the serum YKL-40 protein level concentration was determined by the ELISA method. The patients were divided into two groups: 91 with CRC and 42 healthy. For the statistical analysis Student's t-test for independent data, the Mann-Whitney U test, and logistics regression were used.

The YKL-40 serum concentration was significantly higher in the CRC patients (163 ± 36 μg/l) than the healthy patients (54 ± 20 μg/l; p < 0.0001). There was a statistically significant difference in the serum YKL-40 concentration between the early and intermediate stages of CRC. There was no correlation between the clinical parameters, i.e. sex, age and BMI and the serum YKL-40 protein concentration in the people with CRC.

The YKL-40 protein seems to be a promising CRC biomarker. Its serum concentration is correlated with the stage of the cancer depending on the depth of the growth relative to the submucosa and may be a prognostic factor for an adverse prognosis of this cancer.

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