Role of selected MGMT polymorphisms in cancer development
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Katedra i Zakład Biologii Medycznej i Molekularnej, Wydział Lekarski z Oddziałem Lekarsko-Dentystycznym w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
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Paweł Kiczmer   

Katedra i Zakład Biologii Medycznej i Molekularnej, Wydział Lekarski z Oddziałem Lekarsko-Dentystycznym w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, ul. Jordana 19, 41-808 Zabrze
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2017;71:378-382
Cell DNA is constantly exposed to mutagenic factors. DNA repair mechanisms are very important to provide proper cell functioning and proliferation control. One of the DNA repair mechanisms is based on the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase enzyme, which provides protection against alkylating agents. Differences in MGMT enzyme activity may be caused by MGMT gene polymorphisms. MGMT polymorphisms may increase cancer risk, e.g. lung cancer or esophageal cancer. In this review we have described the role of some MGMT polymorphisms in cancer development and therapy.
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