Viscosupplementation for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee
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Katedra Biochemii Wydziału Lekarskiego z Oddziałem Lekarsko-Dentystycznym w Zabrzu, Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach
Szpital Miejski w Rudzie Śląskiej
Samodzielny Publiczny Wojewódzki Szpital Chirurgii Urazowej im. dr. Janusza Daaba w Piekarach Śląskich
Powiatowy Zespół ZOZ w Będzinie
Corresponding author
Alina Beata Ostałowska   

Alina Ostałowska, Katedra Biochemii, Wydział Lekarski z Oddziałem Lekarsko-Dentystycznym w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, ul. Jordana 19, 41-808 Zabrze
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2017;71:38-45
Osteoarthritis of the knee (gonarthritis – GA) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders. Pain and limitation of joint movement are the most constant and troublesome symptoms of the joint pathology. The aim of the study was to examine viscosupplementation therapy with hyaluronic acid.

Material and methods:
96 patients were administered hyaluronic acid unilaterally (the 1K group), while 33 patients were administered hyaluronic acid bilaterally (the 2K group) in a 40-day cycle. The stage of the disease was assessed based on medical history, physical examination and a questionnaire survey. Analysis of the following parameters was performed: serum level of sulfhydryl groups (SH), total oxidant status (TOS), catalase activities (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in erythrocytes and superoxide dismutase activity (SOD) in plasma and erythrocytes.

Viscosupplementation resulted in pain reduction and improvement in the HHS score. The SOD and CAT activities were significantly decreased, while GPx activity as well as the SH level significantly increased in both the examined groups. In addition the TOS values significantly decreased.

Viscosupplementation therapy with hyaluronic acid significantly reduces pain of the knee joint, improves its function and has a beneficial effect on the pro/antioxidant balance in the blood of patients diagnosed with GA. The effects of uni- and bilateral administration of hyaluronic acid are similar.

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