Vegetarian diet observed by pregnant women. Benefits and risks for mother and fetus
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Zakład Profilaktyki Chorób Nowotworowych, Wydział Zdrowia Publicznego w Bytomiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Nutrikon, KCZ Surgical Ward, Krapkowice
Absolwentka Wydziału Zdrowia Publicznego w Bytomiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Karolina Krupa-Kotara   

Zakład Profilaktyki Chorób Nowotworowych, Wydział Zdrowia Publicznego w Bytomiu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, ul. Medyków 14, 40-752 Katowice
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2018;72:45–52
Nutritionists emphasize that a properly composed vegetarian diet can be followed by people at dif-ferent stages of their lives. Still, many people believe that such an action can lead to the appearance health disorders. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether a vegetarian diet can be observed by pregnant women without the risk of health disorders in them or the fetuses.

Material and methods:
Information relating to the suitability of a vegetarian diet during pregnancy was analyzed. The results of several studies that compared the occurrence of certain factors in pregnant women following a ve-getarian diet and pregnant women consuming meat was analyzed.

At present, there are still few studies assessing the health status of pregnant women subsisting on a vegetarian diet and their children. These studies compared the bioavailability of nutrients, minerals and vitamins. The dietary habits of pregnant women living on a vegetarian diet are analyzed and the state of health of children born to vegetarians and women consuming meat meat is compared.

The research results presented in the study lead to the conclusion that a properly designed vegetarian diet can be followed by pregnant women without bearing a risk of deficiencies or disorders in fetal development.

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