State of prevention of eye diseases in selected group of children from Silesian Voivodeship – preliminary communication
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Koło Naukowe STN przy Klinice Okulistyki Katedry Okulistyki, Wydział Lekarski w Katowicach Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach
Klinika Okulistyki Katedry Okulistyki, Wydział Lekarski w Katowicach Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach
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Anna Stożek   

Koło Naukowe STN przy Klinice Okulistyki Katedry Okulistyki, Śląskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Katowicach Wydział Lekarski w Katowicach, ul. Ceglana, 40-514 Katowice, tel. +49 721 406 062
Ann. Acad. Med. Siles. 2015;69:172-176
Undiagnosed eye defects in childhood affect adult life and can cause irreversible changes. The aim of the study is to evaluate the state of preventing eye diseases in a selected group of children from the Silesian Voivodeship.

The study was based on an anonymous questionnaire consisting of 11 questions about the prevention of eye diseases and included 603 parents of children aged from 2–10 (4.84 ± 1.47).

Among the selected group, 43.45% children were at least once examined by an ophthalmologist. The average age during the appointment was 3.06 ± 1.71. For 101 children it was a prophylaxis visit and for 142 it was due to alarming symptoms. 52 (8.62%) children had eye defects and 44 of them wore glasses. The most common eye defect was strabismus (5.47%). Regular eye exams by an ophthalmologist were reported by 11.61% parents. The study showed that 40.13% children have never had a visual acuity examination. Among the group, 35.16% parents mentioned alarming symptoms of eye defects and the information sources were: doctor (28.9%), the Internet (27.5%), newspapers (18.2%).

1. The prevention of eye diseases among pre-school children is insufficient. 2. The state of parent’s knowledge about the prevention of eye disease and defects among children is low.

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